The simple answer to this is that it depends on the country in which you are applying for jobs. In some countries, such as the UK, it is common practice to include references on your CV. However, in other countries, such as the US, it is not so common and is generally only done if requested by the employer.
References can be useful to employers as they provide another source of information about you and your skills, experience and abilities. However, they can also take up valuable space on your CV, so it is important to only include them if they will add value.
If you decide to include references on your CV, there are a few things to keep in mind:
Make sure that your references are relevant to the job you are applying for.
For example, if you are applying for a job in marketing, it would be more useful to include a reference from a previous employer in the marketing industry rather than from your local grocery store.
Choose references who will speak highly of you and who have relevant experience.
For example, if you are applying for a job as a school teacher, it would be more useful to have a reference from a previous school principal rather than from your best friend from college.
Make sure that your references know that you will be including them on your CV and that they are happy for you to do so.
The last thing you want is for a potential employer to try and contact one of your references only to find out that they were not expecting a call!
Include the name, title, organization and contact details of each reference so that employers can easily get in touch with them.
Including references on your CV can be beneficial to employers as it provides them with another source of information about your skills and experience. However, it is important to only include relevant references who will speak highly of you, and to make sure that your references know that you will be including them on your CV.